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George G. Kaufman

George G. Kaufman is John F. Smith, Jr. Professor of Economics and Finance at Loyola University in Chicago and a consultant at the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.

Titles by This Author

Past, Present, and Future

Banking is now, and always has been, a risky business. The key to success both in operating a bank and in supervising a banking system is appropriate risk management. Yet risk management has become increasingly difficult because of higher and more volatile interest rates, faster and cheaper transfer of funds and information, a movement toward deregulation, and subsidies for many institutions embedded in the flat-rate premium structure of the federal deposit insurance system.In this book five leading bank scholars explore the safety and soundness of the U.S. banking system in an economic environment where the likelihood of failures of individual banks has significantly increased.The book's ten chapters cover: the risks of the failure of individual banks and of the banking system; consequences of bank failure on other banks, financial markets, and economic activity; the role of government deposit insurance; alternative ways of resolving insolvencies; the role of lender of last resort; risk and organizational issues in the expansion of banking activities; market discipline as a means of limiting banking problems and failures; feasibility and desirability of permitting or requiring market-value reporting for financial institutions; risk rated premiums; the effectiveness of supervision and field and remote examinations; the effectiveness of centralization or decentralization of regulation, supervision, and examination in multiple federal and state agencies.George J. Benston is at the University of Rochester, Robert A. Eisenbeis at the University of North Carolina, Paul M. Horvitz at the University of Houston, Edward J. Kane at Ohio State University, and George G. Kaufman at Loyola University.Perspectives on Safe and Sound Banking is copublished with the American Bankers Association and is included in the Regulation of Economic Activity Series, edited by Richard Schmalensee.

Titles by This Editor

The effectiveness of market discipline—the strong built-in incentives that encourage banks and financial systems to operate soundly and efficiently—commands much attention today, particularly in light of recent accounting scandals. As government discipline, in the form of regulation, seems to grows less effective as the banking industry and financial markets grow more complex, the role of market discipline becomes increasingly important. In this collection, which grew out of a conference cosponsored by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago and the Bank for International Settlements in Basel, Switzerland, a diverse group of academics and policymakers address different aspects of the ability of market discipline to affect corporate behavior and performance.

A major purpose of the book is to develop evidence on how market discipline operates across non-government regulated industries and in different countries, how successful it has been, and how it may transfer to a regulated industry. The chapters examine such topics as the theory of market discipline, evidence of market discipline in banking and other industries, evidence of market discipline for countries, the current state of corporate governance, and the interaction of market discipline and public policy.

The Implications for Monetary, Regulatory, and International Policies

In both the industrialized and developing worlds, a distinctive feature of the last two decades has been prolonged buildups and sharp collapses in asset markets such as stock, housing, and exchange markets. The volatility has sparked intense debate in academic and policy circles over the appropriate monetary and regulatory response to dramatic market shifts.

This book examines asset price bubbles to further our understanding of the causes and implications of financial instability, focusing on the potential of central banks and regulatory agencies to prevent it. The book grew out of a conference jointly sponsored by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago and the World Bank Group in April 2002.