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Jagdish N. Bhagwati

Jagdish Bhagwati is University Professor at Columbia University and External Advisor to the Director General, World Trade Organization and Senior Fellow for International Economics with the Council on Foreign Relations. He was named Distinguished Fellow of the American Economic Association in 2003.

Titles by This Author

What Response from U.S. Economic Policy?

It is no surprise that many fearful American workers see the call center operator in Bangalore or the factory worker in Guangzhou as a threat to their jobs. The emergence of China and India (along with other, smaller developing countries) as economic powers has doubled the supply of labor to the integrated world economy.

How Washington Mismanaged Globalization

In The Wind of the Hundred Days, a new collection of public policy essays, Jagdish Bhagwati applies his characteristic wit and accessible style to the subject of globalization. Notably, he argues that the true Clinton scandal lay in the administration's mismanagement of globalization—resulting in the paradox of immense domestic policy success combined with dramatic failure on the external front.

Unsettling Reflections on Trade, Immigration, and Democracy


Winner of the 1998 Eccles Prize for Excellence in Economic Writing

A Stream of Windows offers a selection of Jagdish Bhagwati's recent policy writings, in which he forcefully opposes the demonization of Japan, challenges the bipartisan bashing of illegal immigrants, refutes the conventional view that democracy hinders development, and much more.


The greatest strength of this thoroughly revised and expanded edition of Lectures on International Trade is its rigorous algebraic and geometric treatment of the various models and results of trade theory. The authors, who now include Arvind Panagariya, offer both policy insights and empirical applications. They have added nine entirely new chapters as well as new sections to several existing chapters (e.g., a greatly expanded treatment of the growing theory of preferential trade agreements).

Political Economy and International Economics is the fifth volume of collected essays by the noted economist Jagdish Bhagwati. Following Essays in International Economic Theory (edited by Robert Feenstra) and Essays in Development Economics (edited by Gene Grossman), it reflects Bhagwati's wide range of interests and his rare ability to combine economic theory and political analysis.

A leading international economist looks at many of the key issues of trade policy now confronting the United States and the world in this timely book. Jagdish Bhagwati provides a clear, informative, and witty analysis of the protection debate and offers a prescription for reform

Jagdish Bhagwati is Arthur Lehman Professor of Economics and Professor of Political Science at Columbia University, and is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

The Theory of Commercial Policy

These two volumes contain seventy essays chosen largely for the originality of their contributions.

International Factor Mobility

These two volumes contain seventy essays chosen largely for the originality of their contributions.

Wealth and Poverty

Essays in Development Economics collects many of Jagdish Bhagwati's writings that have established him as a major postwar developmental economist. The selection is diverse and highlights the close relationship and mutual reinforcement in Bhagwati's research between economic theory, empirical validation, and policy debate.Volume I, Wealth and Poverty, addresses domestic or internal development problems.

Dependence and Interdependence

Essays in Development Economics collects many of Jagdish Bhagwati's writings that have established him as a major postwar developmental economist. The selection is diverse and highlights the close relationship and mutual reinforcement in Bhagwati's research between economic theory, empirical validation, and policy debate.Volume I, Wealth and Poverty, addresses domestic or internal development problems.

Titles by This Editor

Today millions of people work in countries where they are not citizens. Income Taxation and International Mobility addresses the novel theoretical and practical problems that this growing phenomenon of international personal mobility creates for the design of a country's tax system and takes up questions that have grown largely out of the extensive debate over Jagdish Bhagwati's proposal in the early 1970s to "tax the brain drain."

The Case for Relaxed Reciprocity in Freeing Trade

Since the end of World War II, the freeing of trade has been most visible in reciprocal liberalization agreements negotiated under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, or GATT, and through increasing bilateral and plurilateral agreements. There has also, however, been a significant, if less visible, unilateral freeing of trade by several nations.

Alternative Approaches to Analyzing Preferential Trade Agreements

The recent proliferation of free trade areas and customs unions in the world trading system has led to an explosive revival of interest in the economic analysis of Preferential Trade Arrangements (PTAs). The principal theoretical question of the 1950s and 1960s (Viner) was whether PTAs would create or divert trade, causing welfare improvement or loss. The principal theoretical question (Bhagwati) of the late 1980s and 1990s has been whether PTAs encourage or discourage the worldwide nondiscriminatory freeing of trade.

Political Economy and International Economics is the fifth volume of collected essays by the noted economist Jagdish Bhagwati. Following Essays in International Economic Theory (edited by Robert Feenstra) and Essays in Development Economics (edited by Gene Grossman), it reflects Bhagwati's wide range of interests and his rare ability to combine economic theory and political analysis.

Legal Analysis

The original contributions in Fair Trade and Harmonization investigate the growing conflict between free trade policies and the domestic environmental, labor, and antitrust policies of individual nations. They clarify the issues and offer a critical economic and legal analysis of the contending positions along with a series of proposals for resolving or reconciling them. Taken together, the two volumes present a comprehensive catalog of the government actions that are causing conflict in these areas and a critique of the existing scholarly literature on the subject.

Selected Readings

This text collects the most important contributions to the theory of international trade in recent decades, including the many new approaches developed during the 1980s. Of the 28 chapters in major sections covering general equilibrium, trade pattern theories, imperfect competition and market structure, quotas and VERs, theory of distortions, direct unproductive profit-seeking and rent-seeking activities, customs unions, growth and transfers, and foreign investment, 16 are new to this edition.

Power, Passions, and Purpose contains twelve original essays and a joint statement by distinguished economists, political scientists, and policy-makers, aimed at exploring new directions in North-South negotiations. Combining the talents of writers from different disciplines, it provides the first substantial treatment of the current stalemate in the North-South dialog, and shows how the situation can be creatively altered.