Financial systems are crucial to the allocation of resources in a modern economy. They channel household savings to the corporate sector and allocate investment funds among firms; they allow intertemporal smoothing of consumption by households and expenditures by firms; and they enable households and firms to share risks. These functions are common to the financial systems of most developed economies. Yet the form of these financial systems varies widely. Why do different countries have such different financial systems? Is one system better than all the others? Do different systems merely represent alternative ways of satisfying similar needs? Is the current trend toward market-based systems desirable?
Franklin Allen and Douglas Gale argue that the view that market-based systems are best is simplistic. A more nuanced approach is necessary. Financial institutions are not simply veils, disguising the allocation mechanism without affecting it, but are crucial to overcoming market imperfections. An optimal financial system relies on both financial markets and financial intermediaries.
About the Authors
Franklin Allen is the Nippon Life Professor of Finance and Economics at the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania.
Douglas Gale is Professor of Economics at New York University.
"This excellent book is a must-read for anyone interested in anin-depth understanding of how financial systems have evolved indifferent countries and how they affect resource allocation andeconomic development."
—Anjan Thakor, Edward J. Frey Professor of Banking and Finance, University of Michigan Business School