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Hardcover | $42.00 Short | £28.95 | ISBN: 9780262014038 | 392 pp. | 6 x 9 in | 2 b&w illus.| May 2010
Paperback | $20.00 Short | £13.95 | ISBN: 9780262518017 | 392 pp. | 6 x 9 in | 2 b&w illus.| August 2012

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Essential Info

The Extended Mind

Edited by Richard Menary


Where does the mind stop and the rest of the world begin? In their famous 1998 paper "The Extended Mind," philosophers Andy Clark and David Chalmers posed this question and answered it provocatively: cognitive processes "ain't all in the head." The environment has an active role in driving cognition; cognition is sometimes made up of neural, bodily, and environmental processes. Their argument excited a vigorous debate among philosophers, both supporters and detractors. This volume brings together for the first time the best responses to Clark and Chalmers's bold proposal. These responses, together with the original paper by Clark and Chalmers, offer a valuable overview of the latest research on the extended mind thesis.


The contributors first discuss (and answer) objections raised to Clark and Chalmers's thesis. Andy Clark himself responds to critics in an essay that uses the movie Memento's amnesia-aiding notes and tattoos to illustrate the workings of the extended mind. Contributors then consider the different directions in which the extended mind project might be taken, including the need for an approach that focuses on cognitive activity and practice.


Contributors: Fred Adams, Ken Aizawa, David Chalmers, Andy Clark, Stephen Cowley, Susan Hurley, James Ladyman, Richard Menary, John Preston, Don Ross, Mark Rowlands, Rob Rupert, David Spurrett, John Sutton, Michael Wheeler, Rob Wilson

Life and Mind series: Philosophical Issues in Biology and Psychology

A Bradford Book

About the Editor

Richard Menary is a Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Wollongong. He is the author of Cognitive Integration and other books.

Table of Contents

  • The Extended Mind
  • Life and Mind: Philosophical Isues in Biology and Psychology
  • Kim Sterelny and Robert A. Wilson, editors
  • Cycles of Contingency: Developmental Systems and Evolution
  • , Susan Oyama, Paul E. Griffiths, and Russell D. Gray, editors, 2000
  • Coherence in Thought and Action
  • , Paul Thagard, 2000
  • Evolution and Learning: The Baldwin Effect Reconsidered
  • , Bruce H. Weber and David J. Depew, 2003
  • Seeing and Visualizing: It’s Not What You Think
  • , Zenon Pylyshyn, 2003
  • Organisms and Artifacts: Design in Nature and Elsewhere,
  • Tim Lewens, 2004
  • Molecular Models of Life: Philosophical Papers on Molecular Biology
  • , Sahotra Sarkar, 2004
  • Evolution in Four Dimensions
  • , Eva Jablonka and Marion J. Lamb, 2005
  • The Evolution of Morality
  • , Richard Joyce, 2006
  • Maladapted Psychology: Infelicities of Evolutionary Psychology
  • , Robert Richardson, 2007
  • Describing Inner Experience? Proponent Meets Skeptic
  • , Russell T. Hurlburt and Eric Schwitzgebel, 2007
  • The Native Mind and the Cultural Construction of Nature
  • , Scott Atran and Douglas Medin, 2008
  • The Extended Mind
  • , Richard Menary, editor, 2010
  • The Extended Mind
  • edited by Richard Menary
  • A Bradford Book
  • The MIT Press
  • Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • London, England
  • ©
  • 2010
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form by any electronic or mechanical means (including photocopying, recording, or information storage and retrieval) without permission in writing from the publisher.
  • MIT Press books may be purchased at special quantity discounts for business or sales promotional use. For information, please email or write to Special Sales Department, The MIT Press, 55 Hayward Street, Cambridge, MA 02142.
  • This book was set in Stone Sans and Stone Serif by Westchester Book Composition and was printed and bound in the United States of America.
  • Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
  • The extended mind / edited by Richard Menary.
  • p. cm.—(Life and mind)
  • “A Bradford book.”
  • Includes bibliographical references and index.
  • ISBN 978-0-262-01403-8 (hardcover : alk. paper)
  • 1. Externalism (Philosophy of mind). 2. Cognition—Philosophy. 3.
  • Philosophy of mind. I. Menary, Richard.
  • BD418.3.E86 2010
  • 128’.2—dc22
  • 2009037120
  • 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
  • For my parents with thanks
  • Ab imo pectore
  • Contents
  • 1 Introduction: The Extended Mind in Focus 1
  • Richard Menary
  • 2 The Extended Mind 27
  • Andy Clark and David J. Chalmers
  • 3
  • Memento
  • ’s Revenge:
  • The Extended Mind, Extended 43
  • Andy Clark
  • 4 Defending the Bounds of Cognition 67
  • Fred Adams and Ken Aizawa
  • 5 Coupling, Constitution, and the Cognitive Kind:
  • A Reply to Adams and Aizawa 81
  • Andy Clark
  • 6 The Varieties of Externalism 101
  • Susan Hurley
  • 7 The Alleged Coupling-Constitution Fallacy and the Mature Sciences 155
  • Don Ross and James Ladyman
  • 8 Meaning Making and the Mind of the Externalist 167
  • Robert A. Wilson
  • 9 Exograms and Interdisciplinarity:
  • History, the Extended Mind, and the Civilizing Process 189
  • John Sutton
  • 10 Cognitive Integration and the Extended Mind 227
  • Richard Menary
  • 11 In Defense of Extended Functionalism 245
  • Michael Wheeler
  • 12 Consciousness, Broadly Construed 271
  • Mark Rowlands
  • 13 The Extended Infant:
  • Utterance-Activity and Distributed Cognition 295
  • David Spurrett and Stephen Cowley
  • 14 Representation in Extended Cognitive Systems:
  • Does the Scaffolding of Language Extend the Mind? 325
  • Robert D. Rupert
  • 15 The Extended Mind, the Concept of Belief, and Epistemic Credit 355
  • John Preston
  • Contributors 371
  • Index 373


“Suffice to say that The Extended Mind is the definitive collection of essays on this topic. It reprints the classic paper which started it all and brings together all of the major voices in this debate in one place. More than this, it manages to do this