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Hardcover | $66.00 Short | £45.95 | ISBN: 9780262014397 | 408 pp. | 7 x 9 in | 10 b&w illus.| May 2010
Paperback | $35.00 Short | £24.95 | ISBN: 9780262513739 | 408 pp. | 7 x 9 in | 10 b&w illus.| May 2010

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Essential Info

World Wide Research

Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities


Advances in information and communication technology are transforming the way scholarly research is conducted across all disciplines. The use of increasingly powerful and versatile computer-based and networked systems promises to change research activity as profoundly as the mobile phone, the Internet, and email have changed everyday life. This book offers a comprehensive and accessible view of the use of these new approaches—called "e-research"—and their ethical, legal, and institutional implications. The contributors, leading scholars from a range of disciplines, focus on how e-esearch is reshaping not only the research process but also, and more important, its outcomes. By anchoring their discussion in specific examples and case studies, they identify and analyze a promising set of practical developments and results associated with e-research innovations.

The contributors, who include Tim Berners-Lee, Hal Abelson, Christine Borgman, Geoffrey Bowker, and Paul Edwards, explain why and how e-Research activity can reconfigure access to networks of information, expertise, and experience, changing what researchers observe, with whom they collaborate, how they share information, what methods they use to report their findings, and what knowledge is required to do this. They discuss both the means of e-Research (new research-centered computational networks) and its purpose (to improve the quality of worldwide research).

Contributors: Hal Abelson, Robert Ackland, Roger Barga, Tim Berners-Lee, Christine L. Borgman, Geoffrey C. Bowker, Alan Bowman, João Caraça, Gustavo Cardoso, Annamaria Carusi, Paul A. David, Grace de la Flor, Matthijs den Besten, David De Roure, Matthew Dovey, Ricardo B. Duque, William H. Dutton, Paul N. Edwards, Rita Espanha, Michael A. Fraser, Jenny Fry, Ian Goldin, Wendy Hall, Tony Hey, Steven J. Jackson, Paul Jeffreys, Marina Jirotka, Jane Kaye, Cory Knobel, Julia Lane, Xiaoming Li, Sharon Lloyd, Christine Madsen, Andrew Martin, Sandro Mendonça, Eric T. Meyer, Kieron O'Hara, Savas Parastatidis, Michael Parker, Justine Pila, Tina Piper, Rob Procter, Ralph Schroeder, Nigel Shadbolt, David Shotton, Wesley Shrum, Michael Spence, John Taylor, Mike Thelwall, David Vaver, Andrew Warr, John Wilbanks, Yorick Wilks, Paul Wouters, Marcus Antonius Ynalvez, Jonathan J. H. Zhu

The hardcover edition does not include a dust jacket.

About the Editors

William H. Dutton is Director of the Oxford Internet Institute, Professor of Internet Studies, and Professorial Fellow of Balliol College at the University of Oxford.

Paul W. Jeffreys, formerly Director of the Oxford e-Research Centre, is Director of IT at the University of Oxford, Professor of Computing, and Professorial Fellow of Keble College at the University of Oxford.

Table of Contents

  • World Wide Research
  • World Wide Research
  • Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities
  • edited by William H. Dutton and Paul W. Jeffreys
  • with a foreword by Ian Goldin
  • The MIT Press
  • Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • London, England
  • ©
  • 2010
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form by any electronic or mechanical means (including photocopying, recording, or information storage and retrieval) without permission in writing from the publisher.
  • For information about special quantity discounts, please email
  • This book was set in Stone Sans and Stone Serif by Graphic Composition, Inc., Bogart, GA. Printed and bound in the United States of America.
  • {Please fill in your name and location}
  • Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
  • World wide research : reshaping the sciences and humanities / edited by William H. Dutton and Paul W. Jeffreys ; foreword by Ian Goldin.
  •   p. cm.
  • Includes bibliographical references and index.
  • ISBN 978-0-262-01439-7 (hc. : alk. paper)—ISBN 978-0-262-51373-9 (pbk. : alk. paper)
  • 1. Research—Methodology. 2. Research—Technological innovations. 3. Information technology.I. Dutton, William H., 1947– II. Jeffreys, Paul W., 1954–
  • Q180.55.M4W67 2010
  • 001.4'2—dc22
  • 2009032003
  • {Please set 2009032003 flush right}
  • 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
  • Contents
  • Foreword by Ian Goldin
  • ix
  • Preface
  • xi
  • Acknowledgments
  • xiii
  • Contributors
  • xv
  • World Wide Research:
  • An Introduction
  • 1
  • William H. Dutton and Paul W. Jeffreys
  • I Foundations
  • 19
  • 1 Reconfiguring Access in Research: Information, Expertise, and Experience
  • 21
  • William H. Dutton
  • 1.1 The Long Now of Cyberinfrastructure
  • 40
  • Geoffrey C. Bowker, Paul N. Edwards, Steven J. Jackson, and Cory P. Knobel
  • 1.2 Identifying Winners and Losers
  • :
  • The Role of Webometrics
  • 45
  • Mike Thelwall
  • 1.3 “Superstar” Concentrations of Scientific Output and Recognition
  • 48
  • Robert Ackland
  • 2 The Developing Conception of e-Research
  • 51
  • Paul W. Jeffreys
  • 2.1 Research Platforms in the Cloud
  • 67
  • Tony Hey, Roger Barga, and Savas Parastatidis
  • 2.2 The New e-Research
  • 72
  • David De Roure
  • 2.3 The Promises and Threats of e-Research in the Strategies of Firms and Nations
  • 75
  • John Taylor
  • II State of the Practice
  • 79
  • 3 Digital Resources and the Future of Libraries
  • 83
  • Eric T. Meyer, Christine Madsen, and Jenny Fry
  • 3.1 Data Webs for Image Repositories
  • 98
  • David Shotton
  • 3.2 Digital Technology and Ancient Manuscripts
  • 102
  • Alan Bowman
  • 4 Key Digital Technologies to Deal with Data
  • 107
  • Yorick Wilks and Matthijs den Besten
  • 4.1 Embedded Networked Sensing
  • 120
  • Christine L. Borgman
  • 4.2 Identifying Digital Objects
  • 125
  • Michael A. Fraser
  • 4.3 Use of the Semantic Web in e-Research
  • 130
  • Kieron O’Hara, Tim Berners-Lee, Wendy Hall, and Nigel Shadbolt
  • 5 Embedding e-Research Applications
  • :
  • Designing for Usability
  • 135
  • Grace de la Flor, Marina Jirotka, Sharon Lloyd, and Andrew Warr
  • 5.1 Trusted Computing Platforms
  • 153
  • Andrew Martin
  • 5.2 Social Networking and e-Research
  • 157
  • Mike Thelwall
  • III Social Shaping of Infrastructures and Practices
  • 161
  • 6 Enabling or Mediating the Social Sciences?
  • The Opportunities and Risks of Bottom-up Innovation
  • 165
  • William H. Dutton and Eric T. Meyer
  • 6.1 An e-Infrastructure for the Social Sciences
  • 185
  • Rob Procter
  • 6.2 Chinese e–Social Science
  • :
  • A Low-End Approach
  • 188
  • Jonathan J. H. Zhu and Xiaoming Li
  • 7 Institutional Infrastructures for Global Research Networks in the Public Sector
  • 191
  • Paul A. David and Michael Spence
  • 7.1 Ownership of Medical Images in e-Science Collaborations
  • :
  • Learning from the Diagnostic Mammography National Database
  • 214
  • Tina Piper and David Vaver
  • 7.2 The Value of Authorship in the Digital Environment
  • :
  • Producing and Protecting Scientific Information
  • 218
  • Justine Pila
  • 8 The Politics of Privacy, Confidentiality, and Ethics
  • :
  • Opening Research Methods
  • 223
  • William H. Dutton and Tina Piper
  • 8.1 Ethical and Moral Dimensions of e-Research
  • 241
  • Michael Parker
  • 8.2 Data Sharing in Genomics—Is It Lawful?
  • 245
  • Jane Kaye
  • 8.3 Protecting Confidentiality
  • 249
  • Julia Lane
  • IV Implications for Research
  • 253
  • 9 The Changing Disciplinary Landscapes of Research
  • 257
  • Jenny Fry and Ralph Schroeder
  • 9.1 The Agenda-Setting Role of e-Research
  • 272
  • Paul Wouters
  • 10 Reshaping Research Collaboration
  • :
  • The Case of Virtual Research Environments
  • 277
  • Annamaria Carusi and Marina Jirotka
  • 10.1 The Future of Virtual Research Environments
  • 295
  • Matthew Dovey
  • 11 Will e-Science Be Open Science?
  • 299
  • Paul A. David, Matthijs den Besten, and Ralph Schroeder
  • 11.1 The Politics of Open Access
  • 317
  • Gustavo Cardoso, João Caraça, Rita Espanha, and Sandro Mendonça
  • 11.2 Open Access versus “Open Viewing” for a Web of Science
  • :
  • The Neurocommons Example
  • 322
  • John Wilbanks and Hal Abelson
  • 12 Shaping Research in Developing Areas
  • 325
  • Marcus Antonius Ynalvez, Ricardo B. Duque, and Wesley Shrum
  • Coda: The Ends and Means of World Wide Research
  • 343
  • William H. Dutton and Paul W. Jeffreys
  • Glossary
  • 349
  • Abbreviations
  • 355
  • Index
  • 357


“The editors have definitely succeeded to attract interesting authors and produce a well orchestrated collection of texts.” — Professor Elena Maceviciute, Information Research


"Research of all kinds has been transformed over the last decade. We have discovered the potential of the web for access to literature and data, project management, the dissemination of results, and much else. Yet the effects of these changes have raised questions about our new ways of working. It is time for stock-taking and reflection, and time to consider just what targets we should be aiming for with e-research and e-science. This volume is an important contribution to this project and represents both an introduction and a series of in-depth appraisals. Its contributors, appropriately enough, come from a wide variety of disciplines and backgrounds, but all share an awareness of, and experience with, the state of the art in a fast-moving field. The world of research is liable to be transformed even more in the coming decade, and this book will be an invaluable tool for navigating these uncharted waters."
Ian Miles, Professor of Technological Innovation and Social Change, University of Manchester

"Research is finally catching up with the World Wide Web. While some humanists and social scientists have been quick to use new web tools in their work, most fields have lagged behind. World Wide Research shows that this is changing. The technologies are altering the access and management of information and making possible new lines of research. Happily, the contributors don't just assert possibilities; they report on actual research, showing how Web tools are speeding globalization, changing patterns of collaboration, and raising new ethical issues. This book is perhaps the best place to start learning about trends that are reshaping research."
Craig Calhoun, President, Social Science Research Council