César A. Hidalgo

César A Hidalgo is ABC Career Development Professor at the MIT Media Lab.

  • How Humans Judge Machines

    César A. Hidalgo, Diana Orghiain, Jordi Albo Canals, Filipa de Almeida, and Natalia Martin

    How people judge humans and machines differently, in scenarios involving natural disasters, labor displacement, policing, privacy, algorithmic bias, and more.

    Do people perceive humans and machines equally? Or do we show systematic biases when judging machines? With dozens of original experiments, this book compares people's reactions of human and machine actions. Using scenarios involving physical harm, discrimination, offensive content, violations of privacy, and labor displacement, the authors show that—even in identical scenarios—people tend to judge human and machines differently: we judge humans by their intentions and machines by their outcomes.

    How Humans Judge Machines unpacks our biases in colorful experiments that make you think about your gut reactions. It is an invitation to revisit human righteousness in a world where we don't yet understand how we judge machines.

    Written by César A. Hidalgo, the author of Why Information Grows and coauthor of The Atlas of Economic Complexity (MIT Press), together with a team of social psychologists (Diana Orghian and Filipa de Almeida) and roboticists (Jordi Albo-Canals), How Humans Judge Machines presents a unique perspective on the nexus between artificial intelligence and society. Anyone interested in the future of AI ethics should explore the experiments and theories in How Humans Judge Machines.

    • Hardcover $35.00 £28.00
  • The Atlas of Economic Complexity

    The Atlas of Economic Complexity

    Mapping Paths to Prosperity

    Ricardo Hausmann, César A. Hidalgo, Sebastián Bustos, Michele Coscia, Alexander Simoes, and Muhammed A. Yildirim

    Maps capture data expressing the economic complexity of countries from Albania to Zimbabwe, offering current economic measures and as well as a guide to achieving prosperity

    Why do some countries grow and others do not? The authors of The Atlas of Economic Complexity offer readers an explanation based on "Economic Complexity," a measure of a society's productive knowledge. Prosperous societies are those that have the knowledge to make a larger variety of more complex products. The Atlas of Economic Complexity attempts to measure the amount of productive knowledge countries hold and how they can move to accumulate more of it by making more complex products.

    Through the graphical representation of the "Product Space," the authors are able to identify each country's "adjacent possible," or potential new products, making it easier to find paths to economic diversification and growth. In addition, they argue that a country's economic complexity and its position in the product space are better predictors of economic growth than many other well-known development indicators, including measures of competitiveness, governance, finance, and schooling.

    Using innovative visualizations, the book locates each country in the product space, provides complexity and growth potential rankings for 128 countries, and offers individual country pages with detailed information about a country's current capabilities and its diversification options. The maps and visualizations included in the Atlas can be used to find more viable paths to greater productive knowledge and prosperity.

    • Paperback $65.00 £55.00