Ernest Halperin

  • Nationalism and Communism in Chile

    Ernest Halperin

    For all those interested in Latin America, Dr. Halperin's Nationalism and Communism in Chile offers a valuable assessment of the crucial interaction among the three leftist parties of that country as well as an appraisal of the pivotal 1964 presidential contest.

    The Chilean presidential election of September 1964 was no ordinary political confrontation. At stake was the possibility of Chile joining Cuba as a second Latin American nation in the “socialist camp.” Two of the leftist parties, the Communist Party and the Socialist Party of Chile, were joined in FRAP (Frente de Acción Popular), led by Socialist Salvador Allende. In the 1985 national elections, the same uneasy alliance had managed to capture 28 per cent of the vote and came in a close second behind victorious right-wing Jorge Alessandri.

    In 1964. The primary opposition to FRAP was to come from yet another mass leftist party, the Christian Democrats, led by Eduardo Frei. Campaigning under a program of peaceful social reform, moderate nationalism, and a “new deal” with the United States, the Christian Democrats won, even though FRAP managed to garner 38.9 per cent of the vote.

    With the Chilean Communist Party, the strongest and best organized in all of Latin America, and its leader Luis Corvalán the main Latin American spokesman for the Soviet position, with a Socialist Party dominated by fierce nationalism and marked by strong Castroite tendencies, the victory of the Christian Democrats has ramifications for all of Latin America. Eduardo Frei's more moderate leftist program has opened the way for new alternatives in solving Chile's problems.

    Nationalism and Communism in Chile is being published in cooperation with the Center for International Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

    • Hardcover $15.00

Contributor

  • Cuba

    Castroism and Communism, 1959–1966

    Andrés Suárez

    Cuba: Castroism and Communism, 1959-1966 surveys the course of events in Cuba from early revolutionary days to the complicated middle-sixties split in the international Communist camp. In this study, Andrés Suárez investigates some of the most fascinating questions about Cuba, and some of the most useful: Where did the Cuban revolution originate? Why did Castro choose an affiliation with the Soviet Union? What is Castro's present strategy in managing his regime and in directing his pas de deux with the Soviets? The book is based on reports in the contemporary Cuban press and on the author's personal experience as a member of the struggle against Batista and as an officer of the Cuban revolutionary government for almost two years; factually comprehensive and sound in judgment, it develops a consistent and illuminating picture of Castro and his government.

    The specific achievements of this book are many and important. It documents conclusively that the old established Communist Party in Cuba had little if anything to do with the revolution; it demonstrates that “the masses” were even less important. Pointing to the “administrative character” of the revolution, Dr. Suárez indicates that one man alone – Fidel Castro – was responsible for it and afterward maintained his total power, to the eclipse of all other political interests on the island. Second, it shows that foreign policy considerations determined Castro's conversion to communism and the transformation of Cuba into a Communist state: in fine, Castro sought Soviet nuclear protection in his attempts to spread the Cuban revolution to other countries in Latin America. These facts shed light on further issues: Castro's exploitation of the Sino-Soviet rift to prevent his subordination to the U.S.S.R., and his quiescence in the face of a strong stand in the Western Hemisphere from the United States.

    Cuba: Castroism and Communism, 1959-1966 meets a need that all students of Cuba and of Latin American affairs must recognize. A clear-sighted study of one of the important political events of our time, it is a source book as well on the anatomy of revolution and the mechanics of totalitarian rule.

    • Hardcover $18.00
    • Paperback $3.45