Henry G. Houghton

Henry Houghton, a past president of the American Meteorological Society and long-time head of the MIT meteorology department, is universally recognized as one of the leading authorities on the subject of physical meteorology. His book is the culmination of more than 30 years of research and teaching at MIT, where he is now professor emeritus.

  • Physical Meteorology

    Henry G. Houghton

    This book has been designed for use both as a text for students of the atmospheric sciences and as an up-to-date sourcebook for researchers in allied fields who need guidance into particular topics. As a text, the book is suitable for advanced undergraduates and first-year graduate students, and each of its ten chapters concludes with a short problem set. As a sourcebook, the largely self-contained topical chapters introduce basic concepts and provide bibliographic pathways through the current literature for professionals in such fields as remote sensing of the atmosphere by earth satellite monitoring, solar energy, and acid rain. Four chapters cover the atmospheric aerosol and cloud physics, and four cover the processes of radiative transfer. Extended treatment is given to these two broad groups of phenomena because they directly affect the structure and motions of the atmosphere. In addition, there is a chapter on optical phenomena in the atmosphere (including refraction, mirages, the rainbow, the glory, the corona, the heiligenschein) and one on atmospheric electricity (covering the electrical structure of the fair weather atmosphere, the several proposed theories of thunderstorm charging and a discussion of the lightning stroke).

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  • Atmospheric Explorations

    Atmospheric Explorations

    Papers of the Benjamin Franklin Memorial Symposium of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences

    Henry G. Houghton

    From the Preface "In celebrating the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the birth of its late Fellow, Benjamin Franklin, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences held a Symposium on Janauary 11, 1956, at which the papers reproduced in this volume were presented and discussed...." Franklin was one of America's first and greatest scientists. His scientific observations and theories are all the more remarkable today in the light of the tremendous scientific advances of the past two centuries. Of the many scientific topics that he considered, none attracted his interest more than electricity and its manifestations in the atmosphere. He observed, and presented theories on, many other atmospheric phenomena, including "northeasters" and the aurora borealis. It was natural to select atmospheric electricity as one of the topics of the symposium. The upper atmosphere was chosen as the second subject, not only in view of Franklin's interest in the aurora, but because he would certainly have been intrigued by the often exotic phenomena of the high atmosphere that have been revealed by recent researchers...."Historians have recorded Franklin's accomplishments in science in proper context with the many and varied activities of his full and fruitful life. In paying tribute to a distinguished colleague, scientists offer their best in the form of their own contributions to science. Thus, the papers in this volume are not historical treatises on Franklin's works and time but rather represent the latest and best current developments and ideas in the fields discussed. Without exception the authors have distinguished themselves in their chosen topics. No pretense is made that the coverage of the subjects is complete; this could have been accomplished only at the cost of superficiality. This is particularly true in the case of the upper atmosphere concerning which many important phenomena, including the aurora borealis, are not mentioned at all. An effort was made here to present the points of view of the physicist and the meteorologist, each of whom looks at this vast area with glasses of a different hue. In an age of specialization we must continually stress the basic unity of all the physical sciences, and this purpose is aided here by a common laboratory, the upper atmosphere."

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