This profusely illustrated book introduces the general reader to the cultural achievements and heritage of the Arabs. Its main topics are the Arab role in Islamic culture, literature, philosophy and history, architecture and art, the exact sciences, life sciences, mechanical technology, trade and commerce. This new edition contains a chapter on Arabic music, including additional photographs and line drawings of instruments and scores. Other sections have been updated and the Guide to Further Reading has been greatly expanded. The cloth edition contains over 90 full-color illustrations. These are reproduced in black and white in the paperback edition.