Martin Greenberger

  • Networks for Research and Education

    Sharing of Computer and Information Resources Nationwide

    Martin Greenberger, Julius Aronofsky, James L. McKenney, and William F. Massy

    The approximately 7,000 computers in the United States that process information for research and education are not, as one might expect, concentrated or linked in integrated operations but for the most part are scattered, autonomous, and separated. Advancing technology is beginning to change this situation by permitting the importing and exporting of services, thereby providing the user with more options and calling for a different kind of computer center/user relationship. Financial strains in research and educational institutions are accelerating the changes.

    One of the conclusions of this study is that networks – most generally, connections between unlike computers running under unlike operating systems across great distances – are here to stay; networks are practical and deserve the serious attention of any institution considering how or whether to replace its main computer.

    The book grew out of and contains the papers, discussions, and analyses of three seminars conducted in late 1972 and early 1973 by EDUCOM with the support of the National Science Foundation. It identifies the central issues—which tend to be political, economic, and managerial rather than technological—involved in building and operating networks on a national basis. A number of informed specialists both within and outside the computer and communications field have arrived at conclusions and made recommendations that are essential to the important decisions being made today—and to decisions that will be made in the future00pertaining not only to network developments but also more generally to the selection and configuration of computing and communication activities with research and education on a national level.

    Networks for Research and Education is addressed to anyone with an interest in the possibilities and problems of networking, irrespective of background or occupation: potential users, suppliers, and especially decision makers and their staffs, including state legislators, government officials, and administrative officers of colleges, universities, and other institutions involved in research and education.

    • Hardcover $27.50
  • On-Line Computation and Simulation

    The OPS-3 System

    Martin Greenberger, Malcolm M. Jones, James R. Morris, and David N. Ness

    This book is for the researcher who may not be expert in computer programming or operation, but is interested in the possibilities of on-line computer systems. These systems are in a period of rapid development and are beginning to provide exciting new methods for conducting research.

    The on-line system that this book describes in fully readable fashion is called OPS-3. It is multipurpose, modular, and open-ended. Its flexible design invites the user to make his own extensions, and enables him to assimilate previously written programs.

    The nucleus of the system is a basic set of commands known as operators that can be executed as their names are typed. Over seventy operators are currently available with the system. Conventional subroutines from existing program libraries also can be used as operators without modification. And the researcher can construct (and test immediately) his own operators using any language that complies into conventional subroutines.

    Moreover, operators may be combined into a sequence, known as a compound operator or KOP, in much the way that FORTRAN statements are combined into a program. In the OPS system, however, compilation is optional, and a KOP can be executed as it is being constructed.

    Thus the researcher may enlist the computer's aid in defining his problem as well as in solving it. The dialogue between man and machine is intimate and immediate. The computer normally responds instantly to the user's queries or commands, thereby maintaining a conversational pace.

    The system is applicable to a wide range of problems and activities, including algebraic computation, programming, matrix calculation, statistical analysis, data manipulation, simulation, and model building. It can be applied by an equally wide range of researchers, including those with negligible experience in computer operations.

    • Hardcover $20.00
  • Computers and the World of the Future

    Computers and the World of the Future

    Martin Greenberger

    Writers including Vannevar Bush and Herbert A. Simon discuss the impact of the computer in its first twenty years.

    Writers discuss the extraordinary growth of the computer in its first twenty years and its use in fields as diverse as medicine and economics, management and physics. Employed in areas once thought to be exclusively the province of the human mind, the computer rendered profound changes in the traditional ways and means of decision making.

    Contributors C.P. Snow, Walter A. Rosenblith, Norbert Wiener, Vannevar Bush, Herbert A. Simon, Howard W. Johnson, Marvin L. Minsky, Peter Elias, J. C. R. Licklider, Elting E. Morison, Philip M. Morse, Jay W. Forrester, Grace M. Hopper, Alan J. Perlis, John R. Pierce, Robert C. Sprague, Claude E. Shannon, Charles C. Holt, John G. Kemeny, Donald J. Marquis, Gene M. Amdahl, Sidney S. Alexander, Robert M. Fano, and others

    • Paperback $40.00
  • Management and the Computer of the Future

    Martin Greenberger

    Writers including Vannevar Bush and Herbert A. Simon discuss the impact of the computer in its first twenty years.

    Writers discuss the extraordinary growth of the computer in its first twenty years and its use in fields as diverse as medicine and economics, management and physics. Employed in areas once thought to be exclusively the province of the human mind, the computer rendered profound changes in the traditional ways and means of decision making. Originally published jointly with John Wiley & Sonsc, Inc.

    Contributors C.P. Snow, Walter A. Rosenblith, Norbert Wiener, Vannevar Bush, Herbert A. Simon, Howard W. Johnson, Marvin L. Minsky, Peter Elias, J. C. R. Licklider, Elting E. Morison, Philip M. Morse, Jay W. Forrester, Grace M. Hopper, Alan J. Perlis, John R. Pierce, Robert C. Sprague, Claude E. Shannon, Charles C. Holt, John G. Kemeny, Donald J. Marquis, Gene M. Amdahl, Sidney S. Alexander, Robert M. Fano, and others

    • Hardcover $15.00